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ASM 2018 – Keynote Speakers

14th UKSBM Annual Scientific Meeting ‘Healthy Futures: Childhood and beyond’

Wednesday 12th – Thursday 13th December 2018 at Edgbaston Cricket Ground, Birmingham

There were 4 Keynote Speakers at the 14th UKSBM ASM:

Prof Linda BauldProfessor Linda Bauld, University of Edinburgh

Linda Bauld holds the Bruce and John Usher Chair in Public Health in the Usher Institute, College of Medicine at the University of Edinburgh. Linda is a behavioural scientist with a PhD in social policy whose research focuses on two main areas: the evaluation of complex interventions to improve health, and how research can inform public health policy. Since 2014, she has combined her academic role with a secondment to Cancer Research UK where she holds the CRUK/BUPA Chair in Behavioural Research for Cancer Prevention. Linda is Deputy Director of the UK Centre for Tobacco and Alcohol Studies, a former scientific adviser to the UK government on tobacco control, a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and currently chairs or is a member of research funding or policy committees for CRUK, NIHR, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Public Health England, Health Scotland, Institute for Alcohol Studies, BreastCancer Now, the Scottish Government and Health Canada.

Presentation Title: Smoking, vaping and young people: should we be alarmed?

Presentation Abstract: Smoking rates in young people across the UK have declined to historic lows, although this decline has been much more marked in some groups than others. At the same time, surveys suggest that an substantial proportion of young people have tried vaping and in some cases, rates of use are higher than for smoking. In many countries, concerns about vaping as a ‘gateway’ to smoking have influenced regulation, resulting in bans on imports or sales, marketing or product characteristics such as flavouring. This presentation will outline the latest data on smoking and vaping in young people in the UK and consider the relationship between the two in the context of wider international trends. It will also consider how policy influences trajectories of both smoking and vaping uptake and how benefits for adult smokers can be balanced against possible risks to young people. Product innovation in novel nicotine containing devices will also be considered, including heat not burn tobacco, and what these might mean for nicotine use among future generations.

 

Jackie BlissettProfessor Jackie Blissett, Aston University

Professor Blissett’s research has examined the underpinnings of children’s fussy eating including poor fruit and vegetable acceptance, emotional eating, and obesity, as well as parental feeding practices including breastfeeding, complementary feeding and later childhood feeding practices.  Other areas of current research activity are the feeding problems of children with disorders such as autism and ADHD, the relationship of the gut microbiome with eating behaviour and developmental outcomes, cultural differences in feeding practices, intervention development and adaptation. Professor Blissett began her career studying B.Sc. Psychology at Swansea University, then a Ph.D. at University of Birmingham. Professor Blissett moved to Aston University in January 2018, forming the Psychology of Eating in Adults and Children (PEACh) research group. Professor Blissett is active in public engagement with science, and her research is regularly featured on TV, radio and other media.

Presentation Title: Psychological perspectives on children’s eating: implications for making positive and lasting changes to eating behaviour.

Presentation Abstract: There are numerous individual differences which underpin children’s eating behaviour, as well as numerous ways in which caregivers feed their children. This presentation will examine some of the important child factors which affect children’s eating outcomes (e.g. genetics of appetite and ‘neophobia’, sensory processing, temperament), some of the parent factors which influence feeding practices (beliefs, attitudes, mental health, culture) and will illustrate the complexity of parent-child interactions around feeding and eating. The implications for intervention development and adaptation will be discussed.

 

P Adab(2)Professor Peymané Adab, University of Birmingham

Peymané Adab is Professor of Public Health and Chronic Disease Epidemiology at the University of Birmingham. She has 20 years research experience in public health, focusing on prevention and behavioural medicine, including programmes on obesity prevention and management, particularly in children and minority ethnic groups.

Her research uses mixed methods (qualitative and quantitative studies) to aid the development and evaluation of complex interventions. She holds grants from major funders in the UK and China and led one of the largest trials to evaluate a school based childhood obesity prevention programme in the UK (the WAVES study). She is currently leading a similar trial in Guangzhou, China (Chirpy Dragon trial), and evaluating the effectiveness of a popular UK school based physical activity programme (Daily Mile) on obesity prevention.

Peymané is an expert advisor to the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) on obesity and was a Trustee of the Association for the Study of Obesity.

Presentation Title: Preventing childhood obesity, should schools play a role?

Presentation Abstract: The greatest increase in obesity occurs during childhood, with a doubling of rates during the primary school years. This is also the period when inequalities in obesity emerge in the UK. Common sense suggests we should focus preventive efforts in this period and school based interventions are part of the UK government’s childhood obesity plan.

Evidence from school based childhood obesity prevention interventions is mixed. Qualitative studies, observational research and some trials suggest that schools may be a key setting for obesity prevention. However recent findings from three major UK trials targeting children’s school environment to modify diet and physical activity behaviours were not effective in preventing obesity.

This presentation will review the evidence on school based childhood obesity prevention programmes internationally, including ongoing evaluations and discussing areas of uncertainty. This includes a summary of current knowledge on potential intervention components, the wider effects, differential sub-group effects and cost-effectiveness. The presentation will conclude with the implications of the current evidence, highlighting some areas of focus for future research.

 

Jim McCambridge (2.1)Professor Jim McCambridge, University of York

Jim McCambridge holds the Chair in Addictive Behaviours & Public Health at the University of York and has various international appointments and roles. He has well developed research interests across addictions and in research methodology, and has worked on interventions throughout his career. Most of Jim’s work is on alcohol.

His two main current research programmes investigate interventions and policy issues, and with colleagues he has previously completed many individual-level intervention trials. He is currently working on the development and evaluation of a novel form of brief intervention in which attention to alcohol is integrated within medication reviews in community pharmacies. Current policy-related research seeks to develop our understanding of the roles the alcohol industry plays within the UK policy making context and elsewhere, as well as influencing the conduct of research globally. These ongoing research programmes are funded by NIHR and the Wellcome Trust respectively.

Presentation Title: Reconciling, then integrating, individual and population perspectives on alcohol and health.

Presentation Abstract: In many ways individual-level perspectives on alcohol and health have been much more influential than population perspectives in the UK and elsewhere. Awareness of the problematic nature of this state of affairs has been fostered by growing recognition of nature and extent of the public health burden, attention to social determinants and alcohol industry actors, and by the development of the complex systems paradigm. This presentation examines trends within the research literature on alcohol, and considers how well the existing science meets society’s needs.

It is proposed that there is much potential to further investigate the integration of individual and population perspectives on alcohol and health. This will offer opportunities to expose both the poverty and enduring power of stereotypical ideas, and identify the need to rethink the nature of alcohol problems and brief interventions. Thinking about alcohol policies could be much less narrowly circumscribed than it is currently, and needs to better manage transnational alcohol producing corporations, for alcohol consumption to have a more healthy future.

 

 

 

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